born1899, dead in Philadelphia1906::"Buh-ng Jooh Goe,Yah-k Joon Dah" aka Make one suffer and then do round face to give that very injured person medicine.

There is a scary yet truthful saying; "Buh-ng Jooh Goe,Yah-k Joon Dah" aka Make one suffer and then do round face to give that very injured person medicine. 

 It is Criminal to Murder;to force deportation to avoid genocide by FORCING native residents to flee native homeland for survival; to every 100years to break the very foundation of one's society in order to shift power of CASH WEALTH by delaying the educational opportunity of newborns of one specific race or one specific ancestry or one specific genocide targetted population so that WEALTHY remain WEALTHY by robbing educational opportunities of the newborns by robbing one's childhood in STOLEN GENERATION methodology of CRIMINAL ACT.

Since1945 when USA Military JUST COnveniently REPLACED departing Meiji War Criminals on Korean Peninsula since 1905 to 1945 without paying a single compensation for the war crimes equivalent to Austria-Native-H*tler to many disabled-war prisoner of war victims of WW2 in Europe;

American Military Bases in Korean Peninsula even through 2016 since 1945 use Korean Peninsula as well as native residents of Korean Peninsula as candy toys instead of "Do what the Romans do in Rome and not in Italy" ; 

On the flip side; Korean Military Personnel do not get any legal scapegoats nor any equivalent treatment American Military Personnel get in Korean Peninsula when Korean Military Personnel visit America. Given There ARE ZERO KOREAN MILITARY Facilities built for Korean Military in AMERICA versus Osan AirForce Base and Itaewon Hooker Red Light District and many accommodating AMERICAN MILITARY FACILITIES and PERKS are built in KOREA that Korean Civilians are not allowed to enter. 

Since the Korean War-the forgotten war-more than a million Korean women have acted as sex workers for U.S. servicemen. More than 100,000 women married GIs and moved to the United States. ...Google Books
Originally publishedJanuary 1, 2008

Haunting the Korean Diaspora — University of Minnesota Press

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Through intellectual vigor, Haunting the Korean Diaspora explores the repressed history of emotional and physical violence between the United States and ...

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Through intellectual vigor, Haunting the Korean Diaspora explores the repressed history of emotional and physical violence between the United States and ...

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https://muse.jhu.edu › ... › Volume 21, Number 4, December 2010
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Haunting the Korean Diaspora: Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War. By Grace M. Cho. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008. 232 pp. $67.50 ...

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Since the Korean War—the forgotten war—more than a million Korean women have acted as sex workers for U.S. servicemen. More than 100,000 women ...

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Deeply personal and emotional, Haunting the Korean Diaspora is a pastiche of traumatic memories generated by the Korean War. Sometimes known as the ...

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Since the Korean Wara the forgotten wara more than a million Korean women have acted as sex workers for U.S. servicemen. More than 100000 women ...

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Apr 18, 2009 - Grace's new book, Haunting the Korean Diaspora: Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War, was recently published in late 2008 by University of ..


Who is Hulbert, Homer Bezaleel (1863-1949) ; Homer Hulbert witnessed bankruptcy and stolen wealth of last Monarch of Korean Peninsula.

Missionary and educator in Korea

Born in New Haven, Vermont, Hulbert graduated from Dartmouth College in 1884. After two years of study at Union Theological Seminary in New York, he arrived in Korea in 1886 and served for five years as a teacher at the Royal English School in Seoul. A Congregationalist, his only missionary service was with the Methodist Episcopal Church in Korea from 1893-1897. In this period he directed the Trilingual Press, supported the progressive and independence movements, preached, and wrote of his research on Korea. A confidant of the Korean king, he served from 1897 to 1905 as principal of the Imperial Normal and Middle Schools and published a series of texts for modern education in Korean. He published his History of Korea in 1905 and The Passing of Korea in 1906, which reflect his growing disillusionment with Japan’s aggression in Asia. An indefatigable advocate of Korean progress and independence, he played an active, though unsuccessful, role in Korea’s behalf during the diplomatic negotiations that led to Japanese control and annexation of Korea between 1905 and 1910.
Returning to the United States, Hulbert was ordained in the Congregational Church in 1911 and spent over a decade championing the Korean cause on the lecture circuit. He was invited to Korea by President Syngman Rhee when the Republic of Korea was established in 1948, but his wife’s death delayed his travel until 1949. He died soon after his arrival and was buried with full national honors in Seoul.
Edward W. Poitras, “Hulbert, Homer Bezaleel,” in Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, ed. Gerald H. Anderson (New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 1998), 308-9.
This article is reprinted from Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, Macmillan Reference USA, copyright © 1998 Gerald H. Anderson, by permission of Macmillan Reference USA, New York, NY. All rights reserved.


Most of Hulbert’s important articles can be found in The Korea Review and Korean Repository.
A short biography is in vol. 1 of Hulbert’s History of Korea, Clarence Norwood Weens, ed. (New York: Hillary House Publishers; Routledge and K. Paul, 1962), while vol. 2 provides an annotated bibliography of his writings.

Hulbert, Homer B. A Comparative Grammar of the Korean Language and the Dravidian Languages of India. Seoul: The Methodist Pub. House, 1905.
_____. The History of Korea. vol. 1. Seoul: Methodist Publishing House, 1905.
_____. The History of Korea. vol. 2. Seoul: Methodist Publishing House, 1905.
_____. The Passing of Korea: Illustrated From Photographs. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1906.
Vanderlip, Washington B. and Homer B. Hulbert. In Search of a Siberian Klondike. New York: The Century Co., 1903.

Hulbert, Homer B (ed.). The Korea Review: A Monthly Magazine (Seoul: The Methodist Pub. House, 1901, etc.).
_____. The Korean Language. Washington: n.p., 1904.
_____. The Status of Woman in Korea. New Haven, CT: Human Relations Area Files, [197-?]. Microfiche.
_____. Echoes of the Orient: A Memoir of Life in the Far East. [Seoul]: Tosŏ chʻulpʻan Sŏnin, 2000.
Hulbert, Homer B. and Richard Hulbert (compiler). Dr. Homer B. Hulbert’s Letter Book. [Seoul]: Korean Education Archives, Seoul National University, 1995. At the Columbia University Libraries, New York, NY, USA. [Introduction in English and Korean (by Sŏul Taehakkyo); correspondence in English.]
Underwood, Horace GrantJames Scarth Gale and Homer B. Hulbert. A Concise Dictionary of the Korean Language: In Two Parts, Korean-English and English-Korean. Yokohama: Kelly & Walsh; New York: A.D.F. Randolph, 1890.

“Homer Bezaleel Hulbert.” In Year book of the Congregational and Christian Churches. Vol. 1951, p. 29. New York: General Council of the Congregational and Christian Churches of the United States, 1940-1960. At the Godfrey Memorial Library, Middletown, CT, USA.
Kim, Tong-jin. Crusader for Korea, Homer B. Hulbert. Seoul: Ch’am Choŭn Ch’in’gu, 2010. [In Korean.]
Ryang, Key S. John Ross, Homer B. Hulbert and James S. Gale’s Contribution to the Modern Korean History: A Bio-Bibliographical Study. Seoul, Korea: Institute of Korean Studies, 1983. Also in Korea Observer 14 no. 2 (Summer 1983): 172-84.

Homer B. Hulbert. Public Domain.

뉴욕의 가을, 센트럴 파크에서 롱아일랜드까지 우거진 숲들은 아름답게 불타고 있었다.
110년전 30세 이승만이 처음 해외 독립운동을 시작한 곳 뉴욕,
루즈벨트 대통령을 만나 독립원조를 청했던 오이스터 베이 대통령 별장은 수리중이라
들어가 보지 못한 것이 아쉬웠다. 지금은 국가 역사 유적지로 지정되어 있다.
이번 여행은 미국 동부지역 동포들이 <대한민국 건국절 제정 촉구> 대회를 열고
‘이승만 강의’를 해달라는 요청에 따라 뉴욕에서 뉴저지, 필라델피아등 3곳에서 강연했다.
바로 이승만의 독립운동 코스, 그러나 우리 교과서엔 통째로 빼버린
이승만과 미주동포의 독립운동사를 한눈에 볼 수 있는 여정이었다.
“왜 한국 역사교과서를 바로 잡지 않느냐?”는 분노가 터졌다.
“창피해서 못 살겠다. 생일도 모르는 나라가 무슨 경제대국이냐? 건국절을 빨리 만들라”며
미주 동포들은 결의문을 채택하고 ‘이승만 역사 살리기’ 운동을 본격적으로 시작하였다.

▶필라델피아에 갔던 날을 잊을 수 없을 것 같다.
1975년 미국 유학을 떠나와 36년간 목회활동을 해온 황준석 목사는
“강연하시기 전에 꼭 찾아 봐야할 곳이 있다”며 일행을 이끌었다.
가을 비가 부슬부슬 내리는 공원, 빛 고운 단풍잎들이 우수수 쏟아지는 술길 구석에
크고 작은 묘비들이 옹기종기 모여 있는 공동묘지, 온통 짙푸른 잔디 밭이다.
그 한 구석 조그만 묘석엔 태극기와 성조기가 꽂혀 있다.
‘RHEE’라는 큰 글자 아래 ‘TASANAH 1899~1906’이 새겨져있는 무덤아닌 무덤,
바로 이승만의 유일한 혈육이자 아들 태산(아명 봉수)이 묻혀있는 무덤,
누군가 심어 놓은 빨간 장미꽃잎들이 빗방울에 떨고 있었다.
영문 ‘태사나’는 이승만이 “태산아”라고 부르던 것을 들었던 미국 여인이 그대로 옮긴 것.

1904년 11월 미국에 밀사로 건너가기 전 가족사진. 오른쪽부터 부인 박씨, 이승만, 모자쓴 아들 태산(봉수), 아버지 이경선, 누님, 뒤에 어린이는 누님 아들.
▲ 1904년 11월 미국에 밀사로 건너가기 전 가족사진. 오른쪽부터 부인 박씨, 이승만, 모자쓴 아들 태산(봉수), 아버지 이경선, 누님, 뒤에 어린이는 누님 아들.

▶세상에 태어나 7년 밖에 살지 못한 어린이, 이승만의 아들이 왜 필라델피아에 묻혀있을까.
독립운동 때문이다. 이승만이 배재학당에 들어간 다음해 태어난 아들,
독립협회다 신문발간이다 만민공동회다 이리 뛰고 저리 뛰는
20대청년 이승만은 그후 아이를 더 낳지 못한다.

6년 세월 감옥살이 끝에 미국 유학을 떠난 이승만에겐 “가족보다 국가독립” 뿐이었다.
1905년 “조선은 일본 보호국”으로 내준 루즈벨트에게 딱지맞은 뒤,
이승만은 조지 워싱턴 대학에 편입하여 학업과 독립강연으로 동분서주하였다.
고국에 남은 부인 박씨는 늙은 시아버지와 어린 아들을 데리고 생활에 쪼들리다가
급기야 테산을 미국 이승만에게 보내 버린다.
괄괄한 성격의 박씨 부인이 시아버지 허락도 없이
7대독자를 미국에 보낸 사연은 밝혀지지 않았지만,

노발대발한 시아버지 이경선 옹은 뒷날 이승만에게
"저 년을 니 처로 여긴다면 너는 내 아들이 아니다"라고 극언을 하였다고 한다.

1906년 6월4일자 워싱턴타임즈 기사.
▲ 1906년 6월4일자 워싱턴타임즈 기사.

▶이승만은 남감하였다.
교회 강연으로 생활비를 벌랴 대학 공부하랴 눈코 뜰 새 없는 그에게
어린 아들 보육문제는 큰 부담일 수 밖에, 어쩔 수 없이 친분 있는 신문에 광고까지 내야 했다.
1905년 6월 4일자 《워싱턴 타임스》에 실린 기사는 이승만을 도우려는 신문사의 작품,
‘아버지의 학업이 끝날 때까지 이 아이를 맡아줄 기독교 가정을 찾는다’는 내용이다.
“WANTED A home in a Christian family for little Taisanah Rhee”의 기사를 신문사 측에서
이승만(Sung Mahn Rhee/나중에 Syngman Rhee로 바꿈)을 위해 일요판 신문에 내 준 것.
태산은 기독교인 보이드 부인에게 맡겨졌고 그녀는 다시 태산을 시립보육원에 맡겼다.
그리고 1년도 안돼 죽고 말았다. 당시엔 무서운 전염병 디프테라아에 걸렸던 것이다.
아들이 죽는 시간에도 교회 강연을 하던 이승만은 전보를 받고 달려갔지만 때는 늦었다.
6대독자 아버지가 7대독자 아들을 잃었다. 얼마나 충격이 컸을까.
이승만은 자서전 초록에서 “그것은 참으로 슬픈 일이었다”고 딱 한줄 썼지만
그날 일기에는 아들이 죽어간 과정을 자세히 적어 놓았다.

1961년 양자로 입적한 이인수(가운데)를 맞아 이승만과 프란체스카와 포옹하고 있다.(하와이에서)
▲ 1961년 양자로 입적한 이인수(가운데)를 맞아 이승만과 프란체스카와 포옹하고 있다.(하와이에서)

▶자식 복이 지지리도 없는 남자, 본처 박씨는 1912년 미국 망명때 이혼했고
59세때 뒤늦게 오스트리아 출신 프란체스카와 재혼했지만 아이를 낳지 못했다.
건국 후 대통령 관저 경무대서 “당신은 다 좋은데 아이를 생산 못하는 게 흠이야.”
가끔 생각난 듯 중얼거리던 이승만은 이기붕(당시 부통령) 아들 이강석을 양자로 들였으나
4.19때 권총으로 가족을 쏘고 자살함으로써 허사가 되었다.
그후 하와이에 머물면서 이씨 종친회 주선으로 이인수씨를 양자로 맞이 하였고 (1961)
4년후 90세로 눈을 감았다. 이인수씨 부부는 지금 이화장을 지키고 있다.

필라델피아 공원묘지에서 태산의 묘를 성묘하는 교민들. 왼쪽이 황준석 목사, 오른쪽 끝이 이종숙 프신스턴 한국학교 교장.
▲ 필라델피아 공원묘지에서 태산의 묘를 성묘하는 교민들. 왼쪽이 황준석 목사, 오른쪽 끝이 이종숙 프신스턴 한국학교 교장.

▶“저희가 할 일이지요. 누가 이 묘지를 돌보겠습니까?”
태산의 묘비를 처음 돌보기 시작한 황 목사는 고아처럼 혼자 지내다가 스러진 어린 소년의 삶이
너무나 가슴 아프다고 했다. 이승만에 대한 존경을 그 아들의 묘지에 쏟는 것으로 대신한다고..
이승만이 세운 나라 대한민국이 건국대통령도 잊어버리고 건국절도 안지키니
“이 묘지는 버려진 상태”라며 “우리라도 성묘 하고, 건국 영웅의 위업도 세워야겠다”고 다짐했다.

필라델피아는 조지 워싱턴등 미국 독립운동가들이 독립선언을 한 곳,
3.1운동때 이승만이 같은 장소(리틀 시어터: Little Theater)에서 독립선언과
독립 행진을 벌였던 유서깊은 곳이다. 이런 사실도 교과서엔 안나온다.
“필라델피아 교민들이 힘을 합쳐 그 독립행사를 꼭 재현해보고 싶다”는 황 목사,
하늘에서 내려다보는 이승만을 찾는 듯 우산도 없이 비를 맞고 서 있었다.

1900s Wa State

뉴스 본문

뉴스 본문

English dental surgeon, 1845-1892 (Fig. 27) [77]. Henry Moon qualified in London in medicine and dentistry, emigrated to New Zealand, eventually returning to London. He is known for his observations of the malformation of tooth cusps in children with congenital syphilis.
Figure 27. Henry Moon.


aunting the Korean Diaspora: Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War
Book by Grace M. Cho

Since the Korean Wara the forgotten wara more than a million Korean women have acted as sex workers for U.S. servicemen. More than 100,000 women married GIs and moved to the United States. ... Google Books
Originally published: January 1, 2008

 History of Korea

 Joseon (Korean: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮; also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun, Cho-sen), was a Korean state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye that lasted for approximately five centuries, from July 1392 to October 1897. It was founded following the aftermath of the overthrow of the Goryeo Dynasty in what is today the city of Kaesong.

Korean Empire

Japanese Colonial rule

Division of Korea

  • 1945: After the surrender of Japan, the Korean peninsula is divided between Soviet and American occupation forces at the 38th parallel.
  • 1945: South Korea created a franchise to raise money and funds to recover.
  • 1945: 6 September, Establishment of Peoples Republic of Korea with Yuh Woon-Hyung, but 1946 February, US Army breaks it and Yuh Woon Hyung is murdered.
  • 1946: US-USSR Joint-Commission on the formation of a Korean Government reaches an impasse. The Joint-commission is dissolved as the Cold War begins.
  • 1948: 10 May. UN sponsored elections are held in South Korea.
  • 1948: 15 August. Establishment of the Republic of Korea with Syngman Rhee as President.
  • 1948: 9 September. Establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea with Kim Il-sung as Premier.
  • 1949: The murder of Kim Gu. Kim Gu was a Korean independence activist who believed in, and fought for, a unified Korea. He strongly objected to the formation of a separate South Korean state. He was shot in his home by a South Korean Army lieutenant.
  • 1950: 25 June. The Korean War begins.
  • 1950: August. UN Forces are driven back to South-east corner of the Korean Peninsula (The Pusan Perimeter).
  • 1950: September. UN Troops make an Amphibious Landing at Inchon.
  • 1950: November. Chinese Forces enter the war
  • 1953: The Korean War is halted by the Korean Armistice Agreement that has remained in force until now.
  • 1960: A student uprising begins the April Revolution which overthrows the autocratic First Republic of South Korea. Syngman Rhee resigns and goes into exile.
  • 1961: 16 May. Military forces, headed by General Park Chung Hee, overthrow the Second Republic of South Korea in what is known as the Military Coup d'état of 16 May
  • 1961: 12 November. Summit conference for normalization of Kor-Japanese relations
  • 1962: start of the first Five-year plans of South Korea
  • 1964: South Korea joined Vietnam War
  • 1965: 22 June. Signing of Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea. Earned both much controversy and procurement of budgets for later economic developments.
  • 1967: start of the second Five-year plans of South Korea
  • 1968: 21 January. An unsuccessful attempt of North Korean commandos to assassinate president Park Chung Hee- the Blue House Raid.
  • 1968: 1 April. Establishment of the Pohang Iron and Steel Company
  • 1968: 5 December. Proclamation of the National Education Charter
  • 1970: 22 April. Start of the government-operated New Community Movement
  • 1970: Gyeongbu Expressway is completed and opened to traffic.
  • 1972: start of the third Five-year plans of South Korea
  • 1972: 12 August. The first Red Cross talks between North and South Korea are held.
  • 1972: President Park Chung Hee declares Emergency Martial Law and changes Constitution in August, which may allow him to become the permanent ruler. This is similar to Gojong of the Korean Empire stating his country's governmental system as 'autocratic' in the constitution- for greater leadership and less opposition.
  • 1974: 15 August. Assassination of first lady Yuk Young-soo by self-proclaimed North Korean Mun Segwang.
  • 1976: 18 August. The Axe Murder Incident in Panmunjom, Joint Security Area. Triggers former North Korean leader Kim il-sung's first official apology to the South.
  • 1976: 12 October: Discontinuation of rice imports, accomplishment of total self-sufficiency in rice by the 'Unification Rice'
  • 1977: start of the fourth Five-year plans of South Korea
  • 1977: 22 December. Celebration of achievement of 10 billion dollars gained by exports.
  • 1978: 26 October. Detection of 3rd underground tunnel. Made by North Korea to attack South Korea.
  • 1978: 10 December. Achievement of 1,117 US dollars as GNP.
  • 1979: American president Jimmy Carter visits Korea. Threatens Park by stating he would reduce the US forces in Korea if he does not stop the ongoing Nuclear Weapons Development project.
  • 1979: 26 October, President Park Chung Hee is assassinated by chief of KCIA, Kim Jaegyu (Assassination of Park Chung Hee).
  • 1979: Coup d'état of December Twelfth, Chun Doo Hwan gets military power
  • 1980: Gwangju massacre. Martial Law is declared throughout the nation. The city of Gwangju becomes a battleground between dissenters and the Armed Forces (18–27 May). Some reports claim over 100 casualties.
  • 1987: A student uprising begins the June Democracy Movement, which overthrows the autocratic Fifth Republic of South Korea. The ruling party of Fifth Republic, Democratic Justice Party, declares democratic elections.
  • 1988: 24th Olympic Games held in Seoul
  • 1990: 11 September: South Korea and the USSR establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1991: 17 September: North Korea (DPRK) and South Korea (ROK) join the United Nations (UN).
  • 1992: 11 August: South Korea's first satellite, KITSAT-1, aka 우리별 (Uri Byol) is successfully launched from Guiana Space Centre.
  • 1992: 24 August: South Korea and the People's Republic of China (PRC) establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1993: Test of Rodong-1, a single stage, mobile liquid propellant medium range ballistic missile by the DPRK.
  • 1994: Kim Jong Il takes control of North Korea upon the death of his father Kim Il-Sung. Start of the Arduous March.
  • 1998: Taepodong-1, a two-stage intermediate-range ballistic missile is developed and tested by the DPRK. End of the Arduous March. It is possible that up to 3.5 million people did not survive the 'march'.
  • 1999: The DPRK promises to freeze long-range missile tests.
  • 2002: The 2002 FIFA World Cup jointly held by Korea & Japan. South Korea national football team makes it to the semi-finals for the first time in Korean football history. The DPRK pledges to extend moratorium on missile tests beyond 2003.
  • 2004: The DPRK reaffirms moratorium.
  • 2005: The DPRK fires short-range missile into the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
  • 2006: Test of Taepodong-2 by DPRK, a successor of Taepodong-1.There is a nuclear test in the DPRK. US officials assert it might have been a misfire.
  • 2007: The second summit between DPRK and ROK leaders is held, with Roh Moo-hyun representing the south and Kim Jong Il the north. The DPRK fires short-range missile into the Sea of Japan.
  • 2009: North Korea launches a rocket (Unha), supposedly for space exploration. This move affects relationships with Japan, the United States and South Korea. The DPRK conducts another nuclear test.
  • 2010: North Korea launches missile and attacks Korean Pohang class corvette, ROKS Cheonan. 46 Korean soldiers die because of the attack. At November, North Korean army rains artillery fire on Yeon-Pyeong-Do island. The DPRK conducts, yet again, another nuclear test.
  • 2011: Kim Jong Il dies, Kim Jong un takes over as the Supreme Leader of North Korea. The National Intelligence Service discovers Communist spies who have been working underground for the DPRK for almost 10 years. One of the members was a former Democratic Party representative. Their mission was to influence the party named above and extract military secret information.



USA-UN vs Syria-Russia , repeat of Korean War between USA-Jap vs China-Russia fought on Korean Soil.OMG.2016.1950.

Origins and musical beginnings

The Zimmerman family home in Hibbing, Minnesota
Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman (Hebrew name שבתאי זיסל בן אברהם [Shabtai Zisl ben Avraham])[3][4] in St. Mary's Hospital on May 24, 1941, in Duluth, Minnesota,[5][6] and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior. He has a younger brother, David. Dylan's paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa, in the Russian Empire (now Ukraine), to the United States following the anti-Semitic pogroms of 1905.[7] His maternal grandparents, Ben and Florence Stone, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902.[7] In his autobiography, Chronicles: Volume One, Dylan wrote that his paternal grandmother's maiden name was Kirghiz and her family originated from Kağızman district of Kars Province in northeastern Turkey.[8]
Dylan's father, Abram Zimmerman – an electric-appliance shop owner – and mother, Beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community. They lived in Duluth until Robert was six, when his father had polio and the family returned to his mother's hometown, Hibbing, where they lived for the rest of Robert's childhood. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport, Louisiana, and later, when he was a teenager, to rock and roll.[9][10]

Shirley Marlin Noznisky was born in Wilmington, Delaware, on October 25, 1939, to Jewish parents Isaac and Bessie Noznisky; her father was born in Poland circa 1894 and became a US citizen in 1912. Isaac set up a scrap metal business at South Claymont Street, Wilmington. He was shot dead by a drunken fellow East European immigrant on November 18, 1956.[4] Sara Noznisky had one brother, Julius, sixteen years her senior.
In 1959, Sara moved to New York City and quickly married magazine photographer Hans Lownds; Sara was his third wife. Lownds persuaded her to change her name to Sara because his first wife named Shirley had left him and he did not want to be reminded of his previous marriage. Sara and Hans lived in a five-story house on 60th Street in Manhattan, between Second and Third Avenues. Sara had a modeling career and appeared in Harper's Bazaar as the 'lovely luscious Sara Lownds'—then became pregnant. Their daughter Maria was born October 21, 1961. Within a year of the birth, the marriage began to fail.
Sara started going out on her own, driving around town in an MG sports car Hans had given her, and gravitated to the youthful scene in Greenwich Village. Sometime in early 1964, she met Bob Dylan. Sara was still married to Hans when they met, and Dylan was still romantically linked to Joan Baez at the time.[1] Peter Lownds (Hans' son from a previous marriage) has stated: "Bob was the reason (she left Hans)." Sara also had a friend, Sally Buchler, who went on to marry Dylan's manager Albert Grossman. Dylan and Sara were guests at the wedding in November 1964.[5]
After Hans and Sara separated, Sara went to work as a secretary for the film production division of the Time Life company, where filmmakers such as Richard Leacock and D. A. Pennebaker were impressed with her resourcefulness. "She was supposed to be a secretary," said Pennebaker, "but she ran the place." Sara introduced Bob Dylan and Albert Grossman to Pennebaker, the director who would make the film Dont Look Back, about Dylan's UK tour in April 1965.[6]

Marriage to Bob Dylan[edit]

Lownds and Dylan became romantically involved sometime in 1964;[7] soon afterwards, they moved into separate rooms in New York's Hotel Chelsea to be near one another. Dylan biographer Robert Shelton, who knew Bob and Sara in the mid-1960s, writes that Sara "had a Romany spirit, seeming to be wise beyond her years, knowledgeable about magic, folklore and traditional wisdom."[8]
Author David Hajdu described her as "well read, a good conversationalist and better listener, resourceful, a quick study, and good hearted. She impressed some people as shy and quiet, others as supremely confident; either way, she appeared to do only what she felt needed to be done."[6]
In September 1965, Dylan commenced his first "electric" tour of the United States, backed by the Hawks.[9] During a break in the tour, Dylan married Sara—now pregnant with Jesse Dylan—on November 22, 1965. According to Dylan biographer Howard Sounes, the wedding took place under an oak tree outside a judge's office on Long Island, and the only other participants were Albert Grossman and a maid of honor for Sara.[10] Some of Dylan's friends (including Ramblin' Jack Elliott) claim that, in conversation immediately after the event, Dylan denied that he was married.[10] Journalist Nora Ephron first made the news public in the New York Post in February 1966 with the headline "Hush! Bob Dylan is wed."[11]
Bob and Sara had four children: Jesse, Anna, Samuel and Jakob. Dylan also adopted Maria, Sara's daughter from her first marriage.[4] During these years of domestic stability, they lived in Woodstock in upstate New York.[12]
In 1973, Bob and Sara Dylan sold their Woodstock home and purchased a modest property on the Point Dume peninsula, north of Malibu, California. They commenced constructing a large home on this site, and the subsequent re-modelling of the house occupied the next two years.[13] Sounes writes that during this period, tensions began to appear in their marriage.[13] The Dylans still retained a house in Manhattan. In April 1974, Dylan began to take art classes with artist Norman Raeben in New York. Dylan would later say in an interview that the art lessons caused problems in his marriage: "I went home after that first day and my wife never did understand me ever since that day. That's when our marriage started breaking up. She never knew what I was talking about, what I was thinking about, and I couldn't possibly explain it." [14]
Notwithstanding these tensions, Sara accompanied Bob Dylan on much of the first stage of the Rolling Thunder Revue, from October to December 1975. The Revue formed the backdrop to the shooting of the film Renaldo and Clara. Sara appeared in many scenes in this semi-improvised movie, playing Clara to Dylan's Renaldo.[3] Joan Baez, a former lover of Dylan, was also a featured performer on the Revue and appeared in the film as The Woman In White.[2] In one scene, Baez asks Dylan, "What would've happened if we ever got married, Bob?" Dylan replies, "I married the woman I love." Sounes suggests that the film may have been in part Dylan's tribute to his wife, since his film production company, Lombard Street Films, was named after the street in Wilmington where Sara was born.[3]

Later life[edit]

During the divorce proceedings, Sara was represented by attorney Marvin Mitchelson. Mitchelson has estimated that the settlement agreed was worth about $36 million to Sara and included "half the royalties from the songs written during their marriage."[15][16] Michael Gray has written: "A condition of the settlement was that Sara would remain silent about her life with Dylan. She has done so."[4] By some reports Dylan and Sara remained friends after the acrimony of the divorce subsided, and Clinton Heylin writes that the photo of Dylan on a hillside in Jerusalem, which appeared on the inner sleeve of the 1983 album Infidels, was taken by Sara.[17]
Discussing his parents' marriage, Jakob Dylan said in 2005: "My father said it himself in an interview many years ago: 'Husband and wife failed, but mother and father didn't.' My ethics are high because my parents did a great job.

Carolyn Dennis (born April 12, 1954), sometimes known professionally as Carol Dennis or Carol Dennis-Dylan, is an American singer and actress best known for her work with and marriage to Bob Dylan.


Dennis has also sung back-up for WonderloveThe CarpentersKenny LogginsBruce Springsteen,[1][2] and Michael Jackson's HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. In 1982, Dennis performed the role of Poppea in a modern adaptation of Monteverdi's L'Incoronazione di Poppea (The Coronation of Poppea) at Xenon Discothèque in New York City. She was the singing voice for the 1991 made-for-television movie The Josephine Baker Story starring Lynn Whitfield as Josephine Baker. Dennis was also part of the performance group The Young Americans.

Personal life[edit]

Dennis and Dylan have a child, Desiree Gabrielle Dennis-Dylan, born on January 31, 1986. They married in June 1986; Dennis was Dylan's second wife. The couple divorced in October 1992.[3][4]
Their marriage and parenthood was completely unknown to both Dylan's fans and the media until the 2001 publication of Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan by Howard Sounes. Dennis is quoted as saying, "I have three children, but I'm not going to say which ones are Bob Dylan's." Dennis, according to her spokesman, had made a pact with her children not to publicize their paternity. "Bob Dylan has eight or nine children," Dennis says. "We're not trading on that.

The Shock Doctrine
Book by Naomi Klein
The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism is a 2007 book by the Canadian author and social activist Naomi Klein. Wikipedia
Page count672 (first edition)
PublisherRandom House of Canada (first edition)

The Shock Doctrine | Naomi Klein


And because the pattern she exposes could govern our future as well, The Shock Doctrine could turn out to be among the most important books of the decade.".
The Shock Doctrine · ‎Excerpt · ‎Editions · ‎Reviews

The Shock Doctrine - Wikipedia


The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism is a 2007 book by the Canadian author and social activist Naomi Klein. In the book, Klein argues that ...
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Naomi Klein's The Shock Doctrine advances a truly unnerving argument: historically, while people were reeling from natural disasters, wars and economic ...

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In THE SHOCK DOCTRINENaomi Klein explodes the myth that the global free market triumphed ...

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The Shock Doctrine has 24970 ratings and 1988 reviews. Trevor said: There is a part of me that would like to make this review a bit funny. This is a de...

Naomi Klein

Naomi Klein is a Canadian author, social activist, and filmmaker known for her political analyses and criticism of corporate globalization and of corporate capitalism. Wikipedia
BornMay 8, 1970 (age 46), Montreal, Canada

Homer Hulbert - Wikipedia


Homer Bezaleel Hulbert (January 26, 1863 – August 5, 1949) was an American missionary, ... Hulbert's 1906 book, The Passing of Korea, criticized Japanese rule. He was not so much theoretically opposed to colonialism as he was concerned ...

Hulbert, Homer Bezaleel (1863-1949) » History of Missiology | Boston ...


Hulbert, Homer Bezaleel (1863-1949). Missionary and educator in Korea. Born in New Haven, Vermont, Hulbert graduated from Dartmouth College in 1884.

Homer Hulbert: Crusader for Korea - The Korea Society

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The Korea Society presents Dong Jin Kim, author of Crusader for Korea, a biography of Dr. Homer B. Hulbert (1863-1949), a “hidden hero” of Korean ...

The passing of Korea : Hulbert, Homer B. (Homer Bezaleel), 1863 ...


Mar 27, 2007 - Internet Archive BookReader - The passing of Korea. The BookReader ... by Hulbert, Homer B. (Homer Bezaleel), 1863-1949. Published 1906.

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Feb 3, 2013 - THE. PASSING OF KOREA. BY. HOMER B. HULBERT. A.M., F.R.G.S.. Author of "The History of Korea," "Comparative Grammar of Korea and ...

The History of Korea: H. B. Hulbert: 9780700707003: Amazon.com ...


Buy The History of Korea on Amazon.com ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders.



Homer Bezaleel Hulbert (1863–1949) was an American missionary, journalist and political activist who advocated for the independence of Korea. In 1886, he ...

Crusader for Korea: Homer B. Hulbert - YouTube


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Lecturer: Mr. DongJin (DJ) Kim Tonight's lecture commemorates Homer B. Hulbert, one of the first Americans ...

Korea History Hulbert, Homer Bezaleel 1863~1949 한글과 헐버트 ...


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한글이 존재 하였지만 한글 보급에 기여한 분이라면 호머 헐버트 선생님입니다 3.1운동 한글 뛰어쓰기 독립신문....기타등등 한국인으로 당신을 존경 .


"Espana" (with the tilda on the "n") is a Spanish word, and "Spain" is English.
"Deutschland" is a German word, and "Germany" is English. 

Nihongo is correct. I've never heard anyone say Nippongo.

Besides the bank example, there is also Nippon Budoukan, the famous martial arts hall that is known to Westerners as the places bands play in Japan. The characters are same as for Japan 日本 and could be read as Nihon Budoukan but everyone says Nippon Budoukan.

There is one Sazae-san comic that I liked because it's the very debate of whether to read it as Nippon or Nihon. 

The English word for Japan came to the West from early trade routes. The early Mandarin Chinese or possibly Wu Chinese word for Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. The modern Shanghainese (a Wu Chinese dialect 呉語) pronunciation of characters 日本 (Japan) is still Zeppen [zəʔpən]. The old Malay word for Japan, Jepang (modern spelling Jepun, although Indonesian has retained the older spelling), was borrowed from a Chinese language, and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Malacca in the 16th century. It is thought the Portuguese traders were the first to bring the word to Europe. It was first recorded in English in 1577 spelled Giapan; English speakers completely ignore the original name and call the country “Japan,” a name that would mean “Well, bread!” in its native language.
It would seem the culprit behind this variation of the name is Marco Polo during his reported visits to Northern China during the Yuan Dynasty. Although he never actually made it to Japan he heard of the place from those he met in China. At that time the name for Japan was established as the kanji (日本), which in Chinese reads as Rìběn.
However, due to the dialect of that area and time it came out sounding like “Jipen” which was transcribed as “Zipangu” in The Travels of Marco Polo. From there it spread through the linguistic stew of Europe and became the modern “Japan” in English today.
  “Nippon” came first
A long time ago Japan used to be known as “Wa” or “Yamato” and used the kanji 倭. Time passed and the official kanji was changed to 日本 in 640. However, the name Yamato was still used for some time. Around the latter half of the 7th century the official reading of 日本 changed to either “Nippon” or “Jippon.”

It’s believed that the pronunciation of “Nihon” came as a nickname in the Kanto region during the Edo period. People associate that story with the differences between 日本橋 (Nipponbashi) in Osaka and 日本橋 (Nihonbashi) in Tokyo.
  “Nihon” came out on top
Knowing that, it would seem the obvious answer is that “Nippon” is the correct way to pronounce 日本 simply because it was here first. However, a recent survey showed that 61 percent of Japanese people read it as “Nihon” while only 37 percent said “Nippon. The results also showed that “Nihon” was much more prevalent among younger people too. So while it would seem “Nippon” has seniority, “Nihon” has the popular vote.
Naming the country would certainly seem like an appropriate job for the government, wouldn’t it? Unfortunately there is no official document defining the pronunciation of 日本 or 日本国. However, an attempt was made by the Ministry of Education in 1934. They were conducting a major investigation into the national language, a part of which recommended that the country officially be pronounced “Nippon” once and for all. However, the government simply ignored their request.
In 2009, a Member of the Lower House made a slightly more liberal move and submitted a request asking that the national government decide on a unified pronunciation, whether it be “Nippon” or “Nihon.” The government replied that both terms were in wide usage and it saw no reason to take an official side on the matter.

  日本 = ?

주식 실패 → 파산 → 부상 딛고 ‘자전거 전설’ 된 김팔용 씨

김팔용(53·사진) 씨는 강원 삼척시의 두메산골에서 태어나 찢어지게 가난한 어린 시절을 보냈다. 그래서 악착같이 돈을 모았다. 18년가량 요리사로 일하며 꽤 큰돈을 모았다. 고향에 식당을 차리는 꿈에 젖은 김 씨는 ‘이왕이면 좀 더 불려보자’는 생각에 주식 투자에 나섰는데, 그만 탈이 났다. 본업이 아니었고, 마음이 앞섰기에 ‘깡통’을 찼다. 20년 가까이 모은 전 재산을 날려버리자 상실감이 찾아왔다.

삶의 의욕을 잃어버렸고 식음을 전폐했다. 뼈마디가 톡톡 튀어나온 앙상한 몸이 그의 마음고생을 대변했다.

김 씨가 일하던 식당 사장이 보다못해 그를 병원으로 이끌었다. 먹지 못하고 화병이 도진 탓인지 내시경으로 들여다본 김 씨의 위엔 온통 할퀸 자국투성이였다.

4일 서울 서초구 양재동에서 만난 김 씨는 “오랫동안 땀 흘려가며 한 푼 두 푼 아껴서 모은 돈이었기에 충격이 너무 컸었다”면서 “하지만 내시경 검사를 한 뒤 ‘이러다 진짜 목숨까지 잃겠구나’란 생각이 들어 정신을 차렸다”고 말했다.

하루일을 마친 뒤 매일 2∼3시간씩, 자정을 넘기면서 페달을 밟았다. 김 씨는 “봉황산, 삼척대 등지를 오르내렸다”며 “적어도 삼척에서 나보다 더 열심히 훈련한 사람은 없을 것”이라고 설명했다. 그렇게 6개월 정도 훈련한 뒤 2004년 8월 제2회 대관령 힐 클라임에 출전했는데 3그룹에서 1위에 올랐다. 힐 클라임은 오르막을 빠르게 오르는 종목이다. 김 씨는 “태어나서 처음 해 본 1등이었다”며 “세상을 다 가진 것처럼 기뻤다”고 말했다.

2007년 8월 제5회 대관령 힐 클라임에서도 우승했다. 김 씨는 당시 ‘전설’의 주인공이 됐다. 일반 운동화를 신고 장갑도 끼지 않은 채 역주했기 때문. 자전거 페달에 신발을 고정할 수 있는 클리트 슈즈를 신지 않아 힘을 제대로 싣지 못했고 손은 미끄러졌지만, 그는 1위를 차지했다.

또다시 시련이 찾아왔다. 2009년 교통사고로 양쪽 복숭아뼈가 다 부서졌다. 완치까지 2년이 걸렸지만 김 씨는 웃음을 잃지 않았다. 자전거와 인연을 맺으면서 사고방식이 긍정적으로 바뀌었고, 불행을 헤쳐나갈 자신감을 얻었기 때문. 그래서 힘을 냈다. 초등학교 졸업이 최종 학력이었던 김 씨는 검정고시를 거쳐 2011년 대학에 입학해 만학도의 길을 걸었고, 2015년엔 삼척에 자신의 이름을 내건 냉면집을 개점해 꿈을 이뤘다. 김 씨는 “자전거를 연습할 때처럼 목표를 정하고 끊임없이 노력하니까 모든 일이 잘 풀렸다”고 귀띔했다.

김 씨는 오는 22∼23일 삼척시 일원에서 열리는 ‘어라운드 삼척 2017 트렉라이드 페스트’에 출전한다. 김 씨는 “삼척의 자전거 레저 관광을 활성화하는 데 힘을 보태고 싶다”며 “몸과 마음이 바닥으로 떨어졌을 때 자전거가 나를 일으켜 세웠기에 자전거는 평생을 함께할 동반자”라고 말했다.

글 = 조성진 기자 threemen@
사진 = 김호웅 기자 diverkim@munhwa.com